The advantages of the use of IR procedures are the minimally invasive nature of the procedures resulting in lower morbidity and shorter hospitals stays.


  • Urethral stenting for malignancy/strictures
  • Urethral stricture ballooning
  • Ureteral stenting for stones/strictures/infection surgical vs. endoscopic placement
  • Diagnostic and therapeutic cystoscopy
  • PCNL (percutaneous) and SNL (surgically assisted) nephrolithotomy for massive, complicated nephroliths
  • PCCL (percutaneous cystolithotomy): minimally invasive removal of stones
  • Lithotripsy for urethral stones
  • ESWL (extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy) for nephroliths
  • Voiding urethrohydropulsion
  • Urethral obstructions relieved with guidewires reduces trauma to the urethra
  • Endoscopic Sclerotherapy for idiopathic renal hematuria
  • Hydraulic occluder placement for refractory incontinence
  • Hydraulic occluder inflation/deflation
  • Urethral bulking agent injections for USMI refractory to medical management
  • Ectopic ureter ablation: available in both males and females
  • Laser ablation of persistent mesonephric remnant and hymens
  • Percutaneous cystotomy tube placement
  • SUB (subcutaneous ureteral bypass)


  • IHPSS (Intrahepatic portosystemic shunt): PTCE percutaneous transjugular embolization with caval stent placement and delivery of coils
  • HAVM (Hepatic arteriovenous malformation): Glue embolization via percutaneous access
  • Percutaneous biliary diversion tube
  • Chemoembolization of non-resectable hepatic neoplasia


  • Epistaxis: embolization for persistent epistaxis (benign or neoplastic)
  • Intra-arterial stem cell delivery for CKD, PLN
  • Vascular access port placement
  • Triple lumen catheter placement
  • Embolization for arteriovenous malformations
  • Cardiologic interventions: refer to our Cardiology department (or link in here)

Interventional oncology

  • Chemoembolization of non-resectable hepatic neoplasia
  • Transcaval stenting for heart base tumor, relief of Budd-Chiari syndrome Intra-arterial chemotherapy delivery for TCC of bladder, urethra and prostate
  • Urethral stenting


  • Tracheal stenting
  • Endoscopic tracheal tumor removal
  • Bronchial/tracheal foreign body retrieval
  • Nasopharyngeal stenting
  • Nasopharyngeal balloon dilation
  • Thoracic duct and branch glue embolization for persistent chylothorax Pleuroport placement for chronic pleural effusion


  • Colonic stenting for neoplasia/strictures
  • Polypectomy (bladder, esophageal, gastric and colonic)
  • Esophageal dilation PEG tubes<
  • Esophageal stenting

For more information regarding Interventional procedures, please contact our Internal Medicine Department at (310) 558-6100.

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