ACCESS is a multi-specialty and emergency center where you will meet different types of doctors. We realize some of their titles and roles can be confusing, and although always happy to directly answer any questions, below is some information to help you better understand.

What is an internship/ intern?
Doctors who have graduated veterinary school have a choice to start practicing medicine at a general practice or pursue further training through an internship where they are exposed to multiple different specialists/ specialties – this is usually a one-year position.
What is a residency/ resident?
Interns who decide to work in general practice, emergency medicine, or pursue further specialized training in a specialty, apply for ‘Residencies’ which range from two to five years in length, depending on the program/specialty.
What is a specialist?
A specialist is a veterinarian who has completed veterinary school, internships, a residency in their specialized area, and who has also fulfilled further requirements. All specialties require a written examination and most specialties require a publication which needs to be accepted into peer reviewed journals. Once all these steps are accomplished, a doctor receives notification through their respected specialty college that they are Board Certified in their special area. (Terms that denote a specialist include: Board Certified, Specialist, Diplomate and respected specialty names such as “Internist”, “Criticalist”, “Surgeon”, “Cardiologist”, “Neurologist”, “Oncologist”, “Dermatologist”, “Dentist”, “Ophthalmologist”, “Radiologist” etc.)
What is “practice limited to…”?
Doctors who have completed their residencies but have not completed all of the required steps to become board certified, are required to have; “practice limited to…” in their titles. You may see these doctors also referred to as “residency trained” or “board eligible.
What do the different abbreviations after the doctor’s name mean?
Different schools denote a veterinarian’s degree in different ways, such as the following:
BVSc – Bachelor of Veterinary Science
BVMS – Bachelor of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery
DVM – Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
VMD – Doctor of Veterinary Medicine

You may see Board Certified doctors having additional credentials specified in their title, such as:
DACVECC – Diplomate, American College of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
DACVIM – Diplomate, American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine
DACVS – Diplomate, American College of Veterinary Surgeons